Thursday, 30 October 2008
I am linking to organizations dealing with Women's rights in India.
Links to References in Page end :
Empowerment of Indian Women - About property rights for women in India.
SEWA - Organisation for self-employed, poor women workers in India.
Working womens forum.org - Indian women workers dedicated to fight oppressions of caste, class and gender discrimation.
Human Rights for Women in India - Human rights and women's movement in India.
AIDWA - Delhi based organisation committed to equality and women's emancipation etc
Child Labor - Statistics and government policies on Child labor in India
Girl Child Labour - About girls employed as child laborers in India.
Twnside.org.sg - The women's movement in India: Action and reflection
The National Commission For Women - A must visit site. Organisation for helping and protecting women in India. Help for dowry issues, female foeticide, child marriage, sexual harassment, and legal advice.
Tuesday, 28 October 2008
I am linking to yet another organization named ROSHNI based in Mysore/Bangalore. The objectives of ROSHNI are mentioned below with the link below for further information.
- Promote the social, cultural and economic development of the poor.
- Disseminate best practices and promote innovative life skills for youth.
- Empower marginalized groups of youth, in particular young women, via building their skills and capacities and connecting them to improved opportunities.
- Offer professional and personal growth opportunities for youth from rural areas.
- Promote excellence, reflection, research, innovation and creativity in the theory and practice of employable education.
- Equip the next generation of leaders to be competent and committed citizens.
- Train people, especially the young, to take up development activities in the villages
- Use Community Based Organizations (CBOs) in villages to promote sustainable and decentralized development by enhancing the local knowledge base and activating the community for self-propelled action.
- Undertake infrastructure development that addresses gender and environmental concerns in order to ensure the physical and social well being of the poor.
- Network with regional, national and international organizations.
- Sustain programs by encouraging Participation, Empowerment and Decentralization.
- Create sustainable models by identifying and addressing the roles that gender, poverty, culture, environment and other factors play.
1. ROSHNI (Mysore)http://www.roshniindia.com/
I am linking with an organization based in Chennai with the name ROSHNI which is dedicated to women's rights issues.
You can link with the website and assist the organization according to your wishes.
1 ROSHNI website.http://www.roshniindia.org/
Monday, 27 October 2008
Dear Bloggers,Please follow the link to the United Nations " National Action Plan for Protection of the Girl Child".
1. Commission on the Status of Women (implementation of the Beijing Platform for Action)
Rights of the Girl Child (Selected extracts)
In India, the post-independence era has experienced an unequivocal expression of the commitment of the government to the cause of children through constitutional provisions, policies, programmes and legislation. The Constitution of India in Article 39 of the Directive Principles of State Policy pledges that "the State shall, in particular, direct its policy towards securing .... that the health and strength of workers, men and women, and the tender age of children are not abused, and that citizens are not forced by economic necessity to enter avocations unsuited to their age or strength, that children are given opportunities and facilities to develop in a healthy manner, and in conditions of freedom and dignity, and that childhood and youth are protected against exploitation, and against moral and material abandonment."
As a follow-up of this commitment and being a party to the UN declaration on the Rights of the Child 1959, India adopted the National Policy on Children in 1974. The policy reaffirmed the constitutional provisions and stated that "it shall be the policy of the State to provide adequate services to children, both before and after birth and through the period of growth to ensure their full physical, mental and social development. The State shall progressively increase the scope of such services so that within a reasonable time all children in the country enjoy optimum conditions for their balanced growth."
The slogan of the Indian government for the Girl Child campaign was "A Happy Girl is the Future of our Country". Traditions, customs and social practices that place greater value on sons than on daughters, who are often viewed as an economic burden, still stand in the way of the girl child being able to achieve her full potential. A sustained educational campaign by the government and the NGOs has been started to ensure that baseless discrimination against the girl child is eliminated.
The Government of India has taken measures to protect and promote the Girl Child. It has announced its "Education for All" campaign which is to reach 19-24 million children in the age group 6-14, of whom 60 percent are girls. A National Plan of Action for the Girl Child for 1991-2000 was also announced. This plan seeks to prevent female foeticide and infanticide, eliminate gender discrimination, provide safe drinking water and fodder near homes, rehabilitate and protect girls from exploitation, assault and abuse. The government's national policy of education and the Action Research Project on "The Girl Child and the Family" are also aimed at formulation of programs to improve the status of the girl child.
1. Rights of the Girl Child in India
Save the girl Child (Selected extracts)
How sad, many girls missing from our country are found buried in some graveyard....
India is growing dynamically in every fields. Today, the boom in economy, innovative technologies and improved infrastructure has become nation’s pride. The country has witnessed advancements in all fields but bias against a girl child is still prevailing in the country.
This social evil is deep rooted in Indian ethos and the most shocking fact is that the innovative and hard high end technologies are brutally killing the Indian girl child. Innovative techniques, like biopsy, ultrasound, scan tests and amniocentesis, devised to detect genetic abnormalities, are highly misused by number of families to detect gender of the unborn child. These clinical tests are highly contributing to the rise in genocide of the unborn girl child.
Female feticide and infanticide is not the only issues with a girl child in India. At every stage of life she is discriminated and neglected for basic nutrition, education and living standard. When she was in the womb, she was forced to miss the moment when she was supposed to enter the world. At the time of birth her relatives pulled her back and wrung her neck. After killing her she was thrown into a trash can.
During childhood, her brother was loaded with new shoes, dresses and books to learn while she was gifted a broom, a wiper and lots of tears. In her teenage, she missed tasty delicious food to eat and got only the crumbs. During her college days, she was forced to get married, a stage where illiteracy, lack of education resulted in high fertility rate, aggravating the condition of females in the country. Again if this female gives birth to a girl child, the journey begins once again. She missed all roses of life and was finally fitted to a graveyard. That’s where she got peace of mind.
The nation of mothers still follows a culture where people idolizes son and mourns daughters. UN figures out that about 750,000 girls are aborted every year in India. Abortion rates are increasing in almost 80% of the India states, mainly Punjab and Haryana. These two states have the highest number of abortions every year. If the practice continues, then no longer a day will come when Mother India will have no mothers, potentially, no life.
We all are proud citizens of India. The need of hour is to realize our responsibilities and give a halt to this evil crime.
1. Save the girl child.
THE SAD PLIGHT OF WIDOWS AND ILL-TREATMENT BY RELATIVES (SELECTED EXTRACTS FROM UN ARTICLE LINKED BELOW)----
In many traditional communities of developing countries (especially on the Indian subcontinent), widowhood represents a "social death" for women. It is not merely that they have lost their the main breadwinner and supporter of their children, but widowhood robs them of their status and consigns them to the very margins of society where they suffer the most extreme forms of discrimination and stigma.
Widows in these regions are generally the poorest of the poor and least protected by the law because their lives are likely to be determined by local, patriarchal interpretations of tradition, custom, and religion. Widows are in limbo and no longer have any protector.
Widowhood has a brutal and irrevocable impact on a widow's children, especially the girl child. Poverty may force widows to withdraw children from school, exposing them to exploitation in child labor, prostitution, early forced child marriage, trafficking, and sale. Often illiterate, ill-equipped for gainful employment, without access to land for food security or adequate shelter, widows and their children suffer ill health and malnutrition, lacking the means to obtain appropriate health care or other forms of support.
In spite of four UN World Women's Conferences (Mexico 1975, Copenhagen 1980, Nairobi 1985, and Beijing 1995) and the ratification by many countries of the 1979 UN Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination against Women (CEDAW), widows are barely mentioned in the literature of gender and development, except in the context of aging.
Yet the issues of widowhood cut across every one of the twelve critical areas of the 1995 Beijing Platform for Action, covering poverty, violence to women, the girl child, health, education, employment, women and armed conflict, institutional mechanisms, and human rights.
Widow Women are "chattels" who cannot inherit property.
Widows across the spectrum of ethnic groups, faiths, regions, and educational and income position share the traumatic experience of eviction from the family home and the seizing not merely of household property but even intellectual assets such as pension and share certificates, wills, and accident insurance.
"Chasing-off" and "property-grabbing" from widows is the rule rather than the exception in many developing countries. These descriptive terms have been incorporated into the vernacular languages.
The CEDAW or "Women's Convention" and the Beijing Global Platform for Action require governments to enact and enforce new equality inheritance laws. Some governments have indeed legislated to give widows their inheritance rights.
In India, many laws to protect women have been passed since independence.
Withdrawing children from school, sending them to work as domestic servants or sacrificing them to other areas of exploitative child labor, selling female children to early marriages or abandoning them to the streets, are common survival strategies and will continue to be used by widows.
There is design of projects and programs and instrumental in monitoring the implementation and effectiveness of new reform legislation to give them property, land, and inheritance rights; protect them from violence; and give them opportunities for training and employment.
1. Widows in third world nations.http://www.deathreference.com/Vi-Z/Widows-in-Third-World-Nations.html